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Year 3

Year 3

We use the Concrete, Pictorial, Abstract approach (CPA) to teach mathematics.  All the written methods are the final steps, the abstract written methods.  Before these, children practically manipulate objects and draw what is happening pictorially before using the digits in numbers.  This approach to teaching should help more children, especially those who learn  in a visual way.


When a child is learning we face them with a range of number problems and questions to explain their thinking (reasoning and problem solving), they will no longer just be posed with a calculation to solve.  

Year 3 Addition column method

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Year 3 Subtraction - Exchanging

Year 3 multiplication - expanded method

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A step by step guide to solving Y3 multiplication

Year 3: Multiplication written method

Year 3- Part Whole method and Bar Modelling across all operations